Exercise and Massage for Sports
There have been numerous studies on the effect of massage therapy for athletes. The majority of these studies resulted in contradictory findings. One study which compared professional athletes to controls found no significant differences in muscle soreness. Another study that examined professional athletes against controls showed a significant improvement in muscle pain for athletes who received massage. However there was no significant improvements in the health of those who didn't receive massage. Another study that compared active athletes and nonathletes yielded similar results to the previous studies.
There aren't enough studies that show that massage can actually improve athletic performance, however a variety of studies have shown that it can assist in reducing the recovery time of athletes. In one study, scientists discovered that sports massage decreased the recovery time of athletes who participated in a vigorous exercise program. In another study, participants who performed an exercise with a maximum workload had significantly higher performance than controls when given an Sports massage. Another study showed that therapists for sports massage had a significant effect on the physical performance of overweight adolescents.
A study that compared lactic acid production in both injured and control groups found no differences between the groups. However the researchers did conclude that the effect of massage may depend on the person who the massage is given to. Researchers discovered that lactic acid production was highest in the group Get more info that exercised, and was found to be at a low level following the session. However, the production of lactic acids was found to be greater in the the injured group during exercise, and continued to rise following the exercise. One possible explanation to this observation is that the increased production of lactic acid may reduce the pain threshold of injured patients and result in greater perceived exertion during exercise.
There are a myriad of theories about how massage therapy can improve the performance of athletes. A faster recovery for athletes after injuries is possible, according to the physiologists. The same theory suggests that athletes would benefit from stretching out the muscles that are superficial to the shoulders and arms to strengthen the muscles. A different theory is that the tighter, shorter muscles of the lower body help shorten the recovery time for athletes who engage in high-intensity activities during competition. A strong abdominal core muscles can help prevent cramps and spasms in athletes who engage in strenuous activity.
Alongside stretching and strengthening of muscles sports massage may also increase the flexibility of athletes. Stretching muscles can make them more flexible and more open to movement and training. However, as athletes continue exercising the muscles will eventually become tight and begin to restrict their movement. To alleviate muscle pain, athletes should perform exercises to stretch tight muscles. Massage can help with this.
Studies have revealed that during times of high intensity or exercise the athletes experience a significant increase in the production of cortisol, a hormone that is a sign of physical stress. Studies have shown that this increased cortisol release leads to greater muscular strength and endurance during periods of low intensity exercise. The endurance performance of the athletes was measured prior to and after they completed 30 sprints. The sprints were recorded to determine the amount of muscle twitch activity. The results showed an increase of muscle strength after sprints.
The increased strength of the muscles was due to the increased amount of glycogen present in the muscles. Glycogen is a source of energy that muscles use during intense exercising. When an athlete is exposed to intense physical exertion huge quantities of glycogen are released by your body. This allows the athlete to replenish the energy loss during sprints. A study published by researchers at the University of Northumbria in the UK demonstrated that performing short sprints prior to the start of competitive cycling resulted in an increase in the amount of muscle glycogen.
The findings of these studies indicate that massages for sports may be beneficial to athletes when they are exercising and after it. All of these studies were done on healthy, non-athletes. If you have any conditions that affect circulation , like kidney disease, diabetes, or high blood pressure, it's recommended to consult your physician prior to starting any treatment.